The approaches to sustainable urban mobility planning vary quite widely throughout Europe. The Baltic Sea Region Competence Centre on SUMP brings together the knowledge and good examples of sustainable urban mobility planning from the countries around the Baltic Sea.
The Good Examples database includes examples of complete plans that can be considered as SUMPs as well as examples of different elements of the mobility planning process that are relevant for SUMPs. Both, cities with a lot of experience with integrated planning approaches and cities initiating the SUMP process can learn from the examples.
A SUMP requires a new way of thinking for many local authorities. This can cause problems in cities where previous transport plans were centred around the use of cars. This change in thinking was the challenge facing the city of Örebro, Sweden, during the development of their sustainable urban mobility plan, within the BUSTRIP project.
The mobility-related effects of local service networks were addressed in the Helsinki Region Transport System Plan (HLJ 2011). This identified the need to study the effects of the public service relocations from the point of view of mobility.
As part of the SUMP process, the city of Gdynia reviewed the documents at European, national, regional (voivodeship) and local levels to take into account all existing levels of policies, strategies and regulations that affect transport and urban mobility. This is to ensure that the Gdynia’s SUMP and its goals would take into account and are integrated with the objectives included in these documents.
In 2006, the City Council of Odense decided to develop a traffic plan that would lead to the closure of the two biggest through roads of the city and link the centre with the harbour North of town. Previous attempts to close these streets had failed due to concerns about the displacement of huge amounts of through traffic. This time, politicians and civil servants were determined to succeed, but to do so they needed to get all stakeholders on board.
Helsinki Regional Transport Authority (HSL), in preparation for Helsinki Region Transport System Plan, HLJ 2011 (SUMP example), carried out a status analysis which allowed the authority to examine how the current transport system is operating, how it is affecting the environment and what its main challenges are.